Medical furniture, as the name implies, refers to the furniture in the medical space, mainly including medical guide table, diagnosis and treatment table, hospital bed, instrument cabinet and other large items. Nowadays, medical furniture is no longer a simple demand, procurement, installation, put into use, but the hospital overall planning, market positioning, to meet the psychological needs of doctors and patients and other elements of the system engineering. According to the specific use requirements of medical space, the following aspects should be considered in medical furniture configuration:
Medical furniture materials are mainly divided into metal (stainless steel, electrolytic steel plate, aluminum alloy), composite materials (artificial stone, physical and chemical board, fire prevention board, anti-double plate), engineering plastics (ABS, PU) and wood. Standard materials are selected according to specific functional areas. Artificial stone materials can be selected for the medical guide table and nurse station to increase the overall aesthetic degree. The waiting area is crowded with people and has an open space, so materials that are safe, environment-friendly, wear-resistant and durable and convenient to clean should be selected. “Relatively soft materials such as wood and leather should be preferred in wards and rest areas, so as to appease patients and release the working pressure of medical staff.
The appearance design of medical furniture should be combined with the needs of medical behavior, taking safety and efficiency as the basic requirements. Movable furniture such as hospital beds and medical carts should be equipped with locking rollers or casters to ensure fast movement and stability; The sharp edges and corners are hidden safety hazards, so medical furniture such as diagnosis and treatment table, diagnosis and treatment bed and test bench should be shaped with round edges and corners; We should pay attention to the harmony of color and create a kind and warm medical environment through vision.
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The configuration and layout of medical furniture should follow the principle of “people-oriented”, fully consider the needs of medical staff and patients, and rationally divide the treatment space of patients and the working space of medical staff. Taking the pediatric clinic of Xinhua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University as an example, the office desk, treatment bed and washstand are combined to effectively divide patients’ visiting and doctors’ working areas on the basis of flexible utilization of the clinic space. The diagnosis and treatment bed is scientifically customized according to the height of children, with high density and high rebound sponge filling, easy to lie down and not deformed; Printer and display screen are placed on the right side, in line with the right hand operation habits of doctors, greatly improve medical efficiency, optimize hospital medical quality.